bases-mécanique-industrielle

A guide to the basics of industrial mechanics

Industrial mechanics is an art that involves the construction and maintenance of machines dedicated to an industry or a company related to engineering, whose purpose is to transform raw materials into mass-produced products.

This complex and exciting field has been mastered for more than 20 years by the specialists of HARtech. Our industrial mechanics tell you everything you need to know about this practice.

What is industrial mechanics?

Industrial mechanics handle the manufacture, construction, installation, implementation, commissioning and operation of industrial machinery, and all procedures for commissioning and repairing these machines. It is therefore a fairly broad field of knowledge, since there is a wide variety of industrial machines, production processes and types of industry.

Many companies, especially those involved in mining, transportation, metal mechanics, chemicals, food and utilities, require this knowledge.

Main tasks involved in industrial mechanics

The main tasks of industrial mechanics are:

  • Assembly, commissioning and installation of industrial equipment.
  • Inspection and repair of industrial equipment
  • Optimization of facilities and infrastructures to guarantee overall viability
  • Operations related to systems assembly and maintenance
  • Manufacture and assembly of mechanical components for electromechanical systems
  • Organization and management of material and equipment supply and storage, and related logistics
  • Organization and management of all interventions for proper maintenance, including the optimization of human and material resources
  • Defining the maintenance intervention stages, taking into account the technical documentation and the state of the equipment or systems
  • Identifying equipment or system malfunctions or breakdowns, based on the problems detected, information provided by the user and technical information

These tasks are part of the daily life of industrial mechanics companies such as HARtech.

Industrial mechanics, between variety and specialization

Industrial mechanics is a very large field. Due to the great variety of machines and the particularity of the processes, the training and technical knowledge of professionals must be continuously updated.

However, there is often a high degree of specialization in specific systems, such as the refrigeration and industrial air conditioning industries, pumping systems, motor mechanics, and more.

Similarly, in an increasingly competitive market, industrial mechanics companies have to stay up to date with the latest advances and technologies to make them available to their customers.

Occupational risk prevention for workers and the development of environmentally friendly systems, which are very important values for the players in our industry, are also important.

Who is in charge of industrial mechanics?

A wide range of stakeholders are involved in the industrial mechanics process, from design and manufacturing to machine installation and operation. There are 2 types of professionals:

  • Industrial engineers carry out the design of the machine, while supervising the production process
  • Industrial operators/mechanics with specialized technical training carry out the installation, commissioning and maintenance of industrial equipment

What are the qualifications to be an industrial mechanic?

  • Good physical condition and stamina to work long hours standing in noisy areas
  • Interests in mechanics, technologies and industrial environments
  • Ability to perform measurement and geometry calculations
  • Understanding of assembly drawings and estimates
  • Good manual skills and manual dexterity to operate various types of machines
  • Meticulousness, precision and attention to detail
  • Analytical capability, for example to quickly find the reason for breakdown
  • Ability to work in a team to collaborate with other mechanics, industrial machinery and equipment operations, machinists, welders, electromechanics, etc.
  • Basic knowledge of English to understand technical documentation

If you possess most of these qualifications, you will enjoy working in this exciting environment.

What training is required to become an industrial mechanic?

There are many different industrial mechanics training options:

  • Professional training programs
  • University degrees
  • Postgraduate studies
  • Specialization courses in specific systems

If you have already taken one of these courses and wish to join a reputable company, HARtech regularly has openings for careers in industrial mechanics.

What are the tools used in industrial mechanics?

The machines used in factories and industries are usually large, heavy and very complex. Their successful operation is maintained by industrial mechanics, who keep the machines working with a variety of tools. Some of the most commonly used tools include:

Basic tools for mechanics

  • Wrenches: Allen wrench, impact wrench, socket wrench, monkey wrench, eye wrench, pipe wrench, offset wrench, torque wrench, cross wrench, combination wrench, flat wrench and Torx wrench
  • Pliers: Tweezers, bolt cutters, long-nose pliers, cutting pliers, multi-grip pliers and universal pliers
  • Screwdrivers: Robertson square screwdriver, Phillips screwdriver, star screwdriver, flat screwdriver and Pozidriv screwdriver.

Specific tools for industrial mechanics

  • Measuring tools: A mechanic’s square to check the flatness of a surface and trace right angles, a thickness gauge to measure the spacing between two mechanical parts and a ruler to accurately measure before and after working the part
  • Striking tools: A chisel for shaping steel and sheet metal with the help of a mallet, a chisel to shear, cut or mark steel and sheet metal, a pin punch to extract a cotter pin from a through-hole in combination with a hammer or mallet, a mallet to hit a chisel or burin without causing a disruptive shock, a mechanic’s hammer for small re-hammering jobs
  • Cutting tools: A lever shear for cutting sheet metal plates, round or square rods, concrete reinforcing bars, an electrician’s chisel for cutting large section electrical cables without damage, an electrician’s knife for cutting semi-rigid conduits, outer sheathing and other small parts, a knife for cutting thin and not very resistant materials, a punch for cutting flexible materials or for making gaskets, a hacksaw for cutting all types of metal into tubes

Other tools can be used, such as a magnetic finger, a shim, a vice, a screw extractor and many more. The list is long!

Would you like to know more about our industry, our tasks or the job opportunities in the mechanical industry? Contact us! We will gladly answer your questions.

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